Importance of Giving Salaams
Written by Moulana Yusuf Motala
Offering Salaam Is An Islamic Duty
It has been narrated from Hazrat Ali that the Rasullah said,
“Commonly in Islam there are six rights of a Muslim upon a Muslim:
when he meets him he should give him salaam;
when he invites him (to a meal) he should accept it;
when he sneezes he should bless him;
when he falls ill he should visit him;
when he dies he should accompany his funeral
and he should prefer for him that which he prefers for himself.”
Warning Upon Not Replying To The Salaam
It has been narrated from Abdur Rahmaan ibn Shayba; he says the Holy Prophet said, “A rider should give salaam to a walking person, a walking person should give salaam to a seated person, a small group should give salaam to a larger group, whoever then responds to salaam, it is for his benefit, and he who does not respond to salaam, is not from amongst us.”
Ibn Sunni has narrated this and also Imam Bukhari in his book Al Adabul Mufrad. On these bases Allama Nawawi in his commentary of Sahih Muslim has said, “To commence salaam is Sunnah and to reply is Wajib.”
The Virtue of Commencing Salaam
It has been narrated by Abu Umamah that the Holy Prophet said, “Whoever commences Salaam is very close to Allah and His Messenger Muhammad (pbuh)” Ibn Sunni has narrated this.
Similarly Tabrani narrates from Abu Darda, who says that we asked the Holy Prophet , “O Prophet of Allah, we meet each other, so who from amongst us should give salaam first?” The Holy Prophet replied, “The one who is the most obedient to Allah from amongst you.”
Reward For Giving Salaam
It has been narrated by Saalim that the Holy Prophet said,
“He who says Assalaamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) ten rewards are written down for him,
and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy) for him twenty rewards are written down
and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy and blessing) thirty rewards are written down (for him).”
What is Salaam ?
Imam Baihaqi narrates that As-Salaam is amongst Allahs names and also this is the greeting of the dwellers of Paradise.
Imaam Bukhari in his Al-Adabul-Mufrad narrates from Hazrat Anas that the Holy Prophet said, “As-salaam is indeed a name from the names of Allah, which Allah has placed upon the Earth, therefore spread salaam amongst yourselves in abundance.”
Conduct With The Person Who Does Not Say Salaam
It has been narrated from Ibn Umar, that the Holy Prophet said, “He who speaks without firstly giving salaam, then do not answer him (to what he has to say).”
Elder person Should Give Salaam To A younger one
It has been narrated by Hazrat Jabir that the Holy Prophet said, “An elder person should give salaam to a younger one,
one person should give salaam to two,
a small group of people should give salaam to a larger one,
a rider should give salaam to a walking person,
a passer-by should give salaam to a standing person
and a person who is standing should give salaam to a seated person.”
Giving And Replying To Salaam From One Person Is Sufficient
It has been narrated by Hazrat Ali that the Holy Prophet said, “The salaam of a person, from a passing group of people, will be sufficient on behalf of all the group, likewise if one person from those who are seated replies to the salaam, it will be sufficient on behalf of all the rest.”
Giving Salaam To The Children
In Sunan-e-Abu Dawood, it has been narrated by Hazrat Anas that, “The Holy Prophet came by us at the time when I was a child together with other children and greeted us all with salaam.”
Similarly Imaam Nasai narrates from Hazrat Anas that when the Holy Prophet would set out to meet the Ansaar, he would greet their children with salaam, and would place his blessed hands upon the childrens heads and make dua for them.
The Correct Words Of Salaam
Abu Tameema narrates from a Sahabi who reported, “I said Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace) O Messenger of Allah.”
The Holy Prophet said, “Alaikas Salaam are the words of the deceased persons salaam. When one of you meets his fellow brother, he should say Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah.”
The Manner Of Greeting The Dead In The Grave Yard
It has been narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira that the Holy Prophet came towards the cemetery and said, “Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace), O people of this abode, from amongst the believers, verily, if Allah wishes, we are going to join you in a short while.”
Reply To A Third Persons Salaam
A person from (the tribe of) Banu Tameem narrates from his father who narrates from his paternal grandfather that he arrived in the presence of the Holy Prophet and said, “My father sends salaam upon you.”
The Holy Prophet replied, “Wa Alaika Wa’alaa Abeekas Salaam (Peace be upon you and your father).” Imaam Abu Dawood, Nasai and Ibn Sunni have narrated this.
Similarly it has been narrated by Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anha that the Holy Prophet said, “Jibraeel sends salaam upon you.”
Hazrat Aisha replied, “Wa Alaihis Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wabarakatuh (Peace be upon him and Allah’s mercy and blessings). You (O Prophet) can see things which we cannot.”
Similarly Imaam Bukhari and Imaam Muslim have related Abu Huraira’s narration, he says, Jibraeel the trustworthy arrived in the presence of the Noble Prophet and said, “This is Khadija, who is coming, she has with her a utensil in which there is curry (or he said food, or drink). When she arrives give, her salaam from her sustainer and myself, and give her glad tidings of a house in Paradise which will be hollow in which there will be no loud noise (din) nor weariness.”
Giving Salaam Even After A Short Separation
It has been narrated by Anas that the companions of the Holy Prophet would walk together and when a tree would come in their way they would separate towards the left and right. Then on meeting each other, one of them would greet the other with salaam.
Salaam Upon The Noble Prophet Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam At The Time Of Entering A Masjid
Hazrat Abu Huraira narrates the saying of the Holy Prophet ,
“When anyone amongst you enters a Masjid” or he said, “When anyone amongst you arrives at a Masjid, he should send salaam upon the Holy Prophet and say, Allahumma aftahli abwaba rahmatik, (O Allah, open the doors of your mercy for me) and when he comes out of the Masjid he should also then send salaam upon the Holy Prophet and say, Allahumma a’ithni min ash-shaytaan ir-rajee (O Allah give me refuge from the accursed Shaytaan).
In the narration of Ibn Majah these words have been narrated, ‘Bismillahi was-salaamu ala rasullullahi’ (I begin in the name of Allah, Salaam be upon Allahs Messenger).”
The Virtue Of Giving Salaam In Ones Own Home And Then Setting Out
It has been narrated by Abu Umamah Al Baali from the Holy Prophet that he said, “There is no one like he who performs wudhu thoroughly and then washes both his hands, feet and face, then gargles his mouth and performs his wudhu in the manner in which Allah has commanded him but sins which he has committed by talking or walking towards are wiped away, such that sins committed by his limbs are forgiven. When he walks towards the Masjid he gets one reward for every step he takes. His salaah remains an extra bonus for him, that is when he enters upon his family, greets them with salaam and lies down upon his bed, for him is the reward of a full nights worship.”
Likewise it has been narrated by Abu Umamah al-Baali that the Holy Prophet said, “They are three people under the care of Allah the most glorious and eminent one; one who goes out in the path of Allah as a Muslim soldier is in the care of Allah until Allah takes his soul away. He will be entered into paradise or Allah will return him with reward and booty which he has gained.
The second person who is also in the care of Allah until Allah takes his soul away, is he who walks towards the Masjid. Allah will enter him into Paradise or make him return, giving him reward and booty which he has gained.
The third person who is in the care of Allah is he who enters his own home and gives salaam.”
Also Ibn Sunni relates a narration of Abu Huraira that he said, “It is the saying of the Holy Prophet that definitely there is an illumination and light for Islam, like a pathway which is well lit. That a Muslim should worship Allah and must not associate anything with him. He must carry out Fardh Salaah, give Zakaah, perform Hajj of Baitullah, keep the fast of the auspicious month of Ramadan and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency. To give salaam to your household when you enter upon them, and to give salaam upon those Muslims you pass by. If they reply to your salaam then the angels will return salaam upon them and if they do not answer to your salaam, the angels will reply to your salaam, and curse them or they will stay quiet with them. Whoever has let go of one of the above mentioned then he has let go of a part of Islam and whoever throws them all away has thrown Islam behind his back.”
source: Darul Uloom Bury, United Kingdom